“Ancient Queen of the Mediterranean,” Alexandria is Egypt’s second largest city and its chief port. When Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 BC, he founded a city on the site of the tiny fishing village of Rakotis, facing the rocky island of Pharos, to serve as his capital. Alexandria is 110 miles northwest of Cairo, on the Mediterranean. Its excellent beaches,
Cairo, the capital of Egypt and one of the most fascinating cities in the world, is an ever-changing kaleidoscope of sights and sounds. It is the melting pot of all fascinating elements of Africa and the Orient with the sophistication of Europe, making old and new coexist harmoniously Cairo is home to over 15 million people, and has been a center of history and culture for the last 5,000 years.
As the site of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes, Luxor has frequently been characterized as the world's greatest open air museum, as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city.Immediately opposite, across the River Nile, lie the monuments, temples and tombs on the West Bank Necropolis,